September 26, 2023
This article is a step-by-step guide on how to train a dog to walk on a leash. It explores topics such as introducing the leash, the use of treats, handling problem behaviors and the benefits of leash training. Readers can learn how to make leash training a bonding activity and the solutions to common issues such as pulling or lunging during walks.


Walking your dog on a leash is an essential part of being a responsible pet owner. Not only does it ensure your dog’s safety, it can also help you establish a stronger bond with your furry friend. But for new dog owners, leash training can seem overwhelming and confusing. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about leash training your dog, from introducing the leash to tackling common behavior problems.

A step-by-step guide to leash walking for new dog owners

The first step in leash training your dog is to teach them the basics of walking on a leash. Here are some tips to get started:

Explain the basics of leash walking

Before you start leash training your dog, it’s important to understand that it is a gradual process. You need to teach your dog how to walk on a leash, so that they can learn to follow you and respond to your commands. For the first few walks, your dog might resist the leash, but his reaction should gradually subside as you carry on with the leash walking training.

How to introduce the leash

To introduce the leash to your dog, begin by placing the collar or harness on the dog and allowing them to get comfortable wearing it. Avoid making a big fuss and making the experience stressful for your dog. Keep it casual and positive. Then, attach the leash to the collar or harness and let them drag it around the house or yard for a few minutes each day as they get accustomed to it. Touch the leash gently with your hands and praise the dog for positive behaviors.

Using positive reinforcement such as treats

Positive reinforcement is key when it comes to leash training your dog. Use treats and verbal praise to reward your dog for good behavior when they are on the leash. For example, when the dog walks nearby you and does not pull, treat it. This would serve as excellent encouragement for your dog, and he/she would be further motivated to exhibit the same good behaviour.

Enforcing rules during walks

Dogs are naturally curious creatures and can get easily distracted. During your dog’s walk, it is important to establish certain rules of behavior. This could include things like stopping and waiting at intersections, sitting quietly while you wait for other people or dogs to pass, or avoiding running or jumping. Remember to praise and punish (not physically) as appropriate.

Tips for leash training puppies

Training puppies require a certain level of patience. However, with the right tips, even the most high-energy puppies can be leash trained. Here are tips for teaching puppies to walk on a leash:

Discuss the best practices for teaching puppies to walk on a leash

A puppy that is just starting to learn how to walk on a leash will be easily distracted and require a lot of patience from the owner. Keep the leash nice and short initially, to avoid tangling or tripping the puppy. Walk with a leash at home indoors initially before taking the puppy outdoors.

Explain how to handle distractions and adjusting the leash length to accommodate the puppies

Puppies and dogs alike can be easily distracted by various sights and sounds during walks. In this case, it will be best to attend a training school so that an expert can set you on the right path. Gradually increase the length of the leash as you notice your dog is becoming more used to it.

Using treats and positive reinforcement to aid leash training

As mentioned previously, positive reinforcement is extremely important when it comes to leash training your dog. Here are additional tips on how to use treats effectively:

Explain the importance of positive reinforcement while training the dog

Positive reinforcement is a very important tool for successful training. It helps to encourage your dog to repeat the behaviors you want from him. Dogs need a lot of encouragement and positive reinforcement especially when they are being trained.

Discuss the role that treats can play in encouraging good leash behavior

Treats help to reinforce good behavior during a walk. When your dog walks calmly beside you on a leash, use treats to reward him, so that he would be further motivated to continue good behaviour when walking on the leash.

Offer tips on how to use treats effectively

While using treats helps with training, ensure that you do not over-treat your dog to avoid obesity, too much sugar or overweight issues. Also, use doggy treats that are specifically designed for dogs as most food treats are too high carbohydrate for dogs.

Tackling problem behaviours during leash training

Leash-training can be frustrating when your dog is not behaving like the obedient companion you want them to be. Here are some common problem behaviors during leash-training and how to deal with them:

Discuss common issues such as pulling or lunging and offer solutions on how to correct those problems

When you have a pulling dog, try different types of leashes; use a harness instead of a collar, which could pull the dog back as it walks. Always stop walking and praise the dog for its compliance.

The benefits of leash training

Leash training is beneficial for both you and your dog. Here are some of the benefits:

Explain the importance of leash training for both the dog and owner

Leash training helps to avoid accidents and injuries to your dog, avoid tension between dogs (and people) and keep your dog close to you. For owners, it helps to establish control over your dog, and you need not fear for the safety of your furry-companion.

Discuss the benefits such as increased exercise and improved obedience

Leash training helps to improve the physical and mental health of your dog. Dogs that are leash trained tend to have better obedience, more confidence and are much less stressed during walks.

Provide statistics on the number of dogs ending up in shelters due to disobedience and behaviour problems

When dogs are not well trained, they may exhibit behaviours that are not appreciated by their owners. These new behaviours will be a challenge for their owners which could lead to the dog being abandoned at the shelter. The figure of dogs being abandoned at shelters could be greatly reduced if dogs are properly trained from a young age.

Making leash training a fun bonding experience

Leash training does not have to be a chore, it can be a fun activity that helps foster a stronger bond between you and your dog. Here are some tips on how to make it more enjoyable:

Offer suggestions on how to use leash training as a way to bond with your dog

Keep walks interesting by trying new routes, using heeling exercises, keeping a playful mood, varying the pace and distance, and casually training your dog on walks by implementing soft commands.


Leash training is an important aspect of being a dog owner, and it helps to establish a stronger bond between you and your furry friend. With patience and consistency, you can train your dog to walk on a leash, even if you are starting with a puppy. Leash training can help to improve the mental and physical health of your dog, as well as keep them safe from harm.

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