April 24, 2024
This article explores the causes, effects, and management strategies of premenstrual weight gain, as well as debunking myths and promoting body positivity. Learn practical tips for adjusting your diet and exercise routine, tracking your weight changes, and coping with the psychological impact of premenstrual weight gain.

How Much Weight Do You Gain Before Your Period?

Every month, millions of women experience premenstrual weight gain, a phenomenon that is both frustrating and confusing. Women may notice their clothes feel tighter, the numbers on the scale go up, or their face and abdomen appear swollen. While premenstrual weight gain is a common experience, it can vary widely in intensity and duration from woman to woman. In this article, we will explore the causes, effects, and management strategies of premenstrual weight gain, as well as debunking myths and promoting body positivity.

The Science Behind Premenstrual Weight Gain

Premenstrual weight gain is closely related to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. In the first phase of the cycle, known as the follicular phase, estrogen levels rise and stimulate the development of the ovum. At the same time, progesterone levels remain low. Starting around day 14, the ovum is released from the ovary and the second phase of the cycle, the luteal phase, begins. During this phase, progesterone levels increase significantly, causing water retention and bloating.

The degree of premenstrual weight gain can vary significantly between women and from cycle to cycle. According to a study published in the International Journal of Obesity, the average weight gain during the premenstrual phase ranges from 0.5 to 5.5 pounds, with more significant gains observed in overweight and obese subjects.

Tips for Managing Premenstrual Weight Gain: Diet and Exercise

While premenstrual weight gain is a natural and inevitable aspect of the menstrual cycle, there are several strategies that women can adopt to mitigate its effects. One of the simplest ways is to adjust one’s diet during the premenstrual phase. Specifically, women can limit their intake of salt, sugar, and caffeine, all of which can exacerbate bloating, inflammation, and hormonal fluctuations. In contrast, women can increase their consumption of water, fiber, protein, and healthy fats, all of which can promote satiety, hydration, and hormone balance. Some foods that are particularly beneficial for premenstrual symptoms include:

  • Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and collards, which are high in vitamins and minerals
  • Fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel, which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids
  • Legumes such as lentils and chickpeas, which are high in fiber and protein
  • Seeds such as chia, flax, and pumpkin, which are rich in nutrients and anti-inflammatory compounds
  • Fruits such as berries and citrus, which are rich in antioxidants and vitamin C

In addition to dietary changes, regular exercise can also help manage premenstrual weight gain. Exercise can reduce inflammation, boost metabolism, and improve mood and sleep quality. Some suitable workouts for the premenstrual phase include:

  • Low-impact aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming, or cycling, which can improve cardiovascular health
  • Strength training exercises such as weightlifting or yoga, which can build muscle tone and prevent injury
  • Relaxation exercises such as meditation or tai chi, which can reduce stress and anxiety by promoting relaxation and mindfulness

It is important to note that women should not engage in excessive or strenuous exercise during the premenstrual phase, as this can lead to fatigue and injury. Moderation and balance are essential for promoting physical and emotional well-being.

How to Measure Premenstrual Weight Gain

Women can track their weight changes over the menstrual cycle by using a scale or an app that records their weight and cycle phase. It is important to note, however, that weight is not the only or definitive indicator of physical and emotional health. Women should also pay attention to other signs and symptoms, such as changes in appetite, energy level, mood, and sleep, as well as physiological factors such as breast tenderness, headaches, or abdominal pain. In addition, women should consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and monitoring, especially if they have a history of menstrual disorders or other health issues.

Debunking Common Myths About Premenstrual Weight Gain

Premenstrual weight gain is often accompanied by myths and stereotypes that reinforce negative attitudes towards women’s bodies and menstrual cycles. Here are some of the most common myths about premenstrual weight gain, and the evidence-based facts that refute them:

  • Myth: Premenstrual weight gain is a sign of laziness, indulgence, or lack of discipline.
  • Fact: Premenstrual weight gain is a natural and normal physiological response to hormonal fluctuations and water retention.
  • Myth: Women should avoid talking about their premenstrual weight gain or menstrual cycles in public or at work.
  • Fact: Women should feel empowered to discuss their menstrual health and needs in any setting, and should not be stigmatized or shamed for doing so.
  • Myth: Premenstrual weight gain is a fixed and unchangeable aspect of women’s bodies.
  • Fact: While premenstrual weight gain is a common experience, it can be managed and minimized through lifestyle changes, self-care, and medical interventions if necessary.

The Mental Health Impact of Premenstrual Weight Gain and Ways to Cope

Premenstrual weight gain can have a significant impact on women’s mental health and well-being, especially if they struggle with body image issues, anxiety, or depression. Here are some strategies for coping with the psychological effects of premenstrual weight gain:

  • Practice self-awareness and self-compassion by acknowledging and accepting one’s body changes without judgment or criticism.
  • Communicate with trusted friends, family members, or healthcare providers about one’s concerns and needs, and seek emotional support or feedback if desired.
  • Practice stress reduction techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing, which can promote relaxation and reduce emotional reactivity.
  • Engage in pleasurable activities such as reading, listening to music, or spending time in nature, which can boost mood and distract from negative thoughts.
  • Consider seeking professional help such as therapy or counseling if premenstrual weight gain causes significant distress or interferes with daily functioning.


Premenstrual weight gain is a common and complex issue that affects many women’s lives. By understanding the science behind it, adopting healthy habits, and challenging harmful myths and stereotypes, women can effectively manage and cope with premenstrual weight gain. We encourage readers to share their own experiences and insights in the comments or with trusted friends, family members, or healthcare providers. Together, we can promote body positivity, menstrual health, and well-being for all.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *