February 24, 2024
Crate training is a crucial aspect of properly training a new puppy. This guide covers everything from the basics to troubleshooting techniques to ensure that you and your puppy have a positive experience throughout the process. We cover everything from crate size and location to positive reinforcement techniques and professional trainers.

The Ultimate Guide to Crate Training Your Puppy

As a new puppy owner, you’re likely filled with excitement and adoration for your new furry friend. However, it’s important to remember that with any new addition to the family comes responsibility, including proper training. One aspect of puppy training that often goes overlooked is crate training. Not only can it provide a safe and comfortable space for your pup, but it can also make your life easier in the long run. This guide will cover everything you need to know about crate training your puppy, from the basics to troubleshooting common issues.

Start with the Basics

Before you can begin crate training your puppy, it’s important to understand the basics. Crate training is the process of familiarizing your pup with their personal crate, which will eventually become a safe and comfortable space for them to relax and sleep. The benefits of crate training extend beyond just providing your pup with a designated spot, as it can also aid in house training, car travel, and prevent destructive behavior when you’re not home.

Choosing the Right Crate Size

One of the first steps in crate training is choosing the appropriate size crate for your puppy. It’s important to select a crate large enough for your puppy to stand up, turn around, and lie down comfortably. However, it shouldn’t be too large that they have extra room to relieve themselves on one side and sleep on the other.

Setting up the Crate

Once you’ve selected the appropriate crate size, it’s time to set it up for your pup’s introduction. Place the crate in a location that is both quiet and visible. You don’t want it to be in a high-traffic area such as the living room or kitchen, as the pup may become distracted. Line the crate with a soft blanket or bed for added comfort.

Introducing the Puppy to the Crate

After setting up the crate, it’s essential to introduce your puppy to their new space. Begin by placing a small treat or toy just inside the crate and allow them to investigate and enter on their own. Do not force the puppy into the crate or close the door immediately. Instead, allow them to explore and become familiar with the crate at their own pace.

Positive Reinforcement

When it comes to crate training, positive reinforcement is key. The primary goal of crate training is to ensure that your puppy associates their crate as a safe and happy space, not a place of punishment or fear.

Rewarding Good Behavior

Be sure to reward your puppy for good behavior when interacting with the crate. Verbal praise such as “good boy” or “good girl” accompanied by a small treat will reinforce the correct behavior. As your pup becomes more comfortable and begins to enter the crate on their own, increase the length of time that you leave the door open and continue to offer positive reinforcement.

Reinforcing Entering and Exiting the Crate

One of the primary goals of crate training is to create positive associations with entering and exiting the crate, as this is a crucial aspect of their daily routine. When entering the crate, offer your pup a treat and verbal praise. As they become more comfortable with entering the crate, try closing the door for short periods of time while they’re inside.

Reinforcing Quiet Behavior in the Crate

Another vital aspect of puppy crate training is reinforcing quiet behavior in the crate. This can be achieved by offering a treat or toy when entering the crate and avoiding opening the door if your pup is whining or barking. Consistency is key when it comes to this aspect of crate training, as it will teach your puppy that barking or whining will not be rewarded with attention or release from the crate.

Gradual Introduction to the Crate

Some puppies may be hesitant to enter their crate initially, which is why a gradual introduction is often recommended. By making the crate more welcoming and familiar, you can help ensure that your pup becomes comfortable in their new space.

Making the Puppy Comfortable and Safe in the Crate

In addition to adding soft bedding or blankets to the crate, you can also make your pup more comfortable by placing a garment or item that smells like you inside the crate. This will provide a sense of familiarity and comfort for your puppy. Additionally, ensure that the crate is secure, and there are no sharp objects or dangerous materials inside.

Feeding Meals inside the Crate

Feeding meals inside the crate can also create a more positive association with being inside. Start by placing your pup’s food bowl just inside the crate, and gradually move the bowl further in until they are eating their entire meal inside the crate.

Placing Favorite Toys or Blankets inside the Crate

Placing gentle and familiar toys or blankets inside the crate can create an even more positive association with being inside. Allow your pup to have access to these objects only when inside the crate, as this will create a sense of excitement when entering the crate.

Nighttime Crate Training

One of the most common reasons for crate training is acclimating your puppy to sleeping inside the crate peacefully throughout the night. With a little additional patience and consistency, you can help ensure that crate training translates to a peaceful night’s sleep for both you and your puppy.

Acclimating the Puppy to Sleeping in the Crate

Start by placing the crate in the bedroom where you sleep so that your puppy feels close and connected to you. This will help reduce separation anxiety and make them feel more comfortable throughout the night. Additionally, try using a cozy and warm blanket to create a sense of security.

Using Reassuring Phrases to Calm the Puppy Down

Using soothing and reassuring phrases such as “quiet now” and “go to sleep” can help your puppy feel more relaxed. However, avoid picking up your pup and taking them out of the crate unless absolutely necessary or unless they are exhibiting signs of distress.

Overall Consistency

One of the most important aspects of crate training is consistency. To ensure your puppy learns proper crate behavior, it’s essential to create a consistent routine and structure.

Establishing a Crate-Training Schedule

Establish a structured schedule that includes consistent crate time and feeding times. This will help your pup become familiar with their routine and will make them less likely to feel anxious or distressed. Additionally, provide organized and consistent verbal commands to help reinforce the desired behavior. For example, “crate time” and “kennel up” can reinforce the idea of entering and leaving the crate.

Keeping Verbal Commands and Cues Consistent

Be sure to use the same verbal commands or cues each time your pup enters and exits the crate, as this will make the process more familiar and less stressful for them. Consistent reinforcement can also help create long-term positive associations with the crate.

Ensuring Everyone in the Household is on Board with the Training

Consistency is essential when it comes to crate training, which is why it’s important to ensure that everyone in the household is aware of the rules and schedule. By working together to maintain consistency, you can help ensure that your puppy thrives in their new crate training environment.

Working with a Professional Trainer

While crate training is often something you can do on your own, there may be instances where working with a professional trainer can be beneficial.

Recognizing when a Professional Trainer May be Necessary

If your puppy struggles with crate training or if there are underlying issues causing distress, it may be time to call in a professional trainer to help. Additionally, situations where aggression or excessive barking is present may be more effectively handled by an experienced trainer.

Benefits of Working with a Trainer

Working with a trainer can provide added insight, expertise, and guidance when it comes to crate training. Trainers can offer tailored advice and support to address specific challenges and behavior issues.

Resources for Finding a Professional Trainer

Finding the right trainer can be a daunting task. However, there are many resources available, such as the Association of Professional Dog Trainers and the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers, that can help you locate a reputable and knowledgeable trainer.


Crate training can sometimes present challenges, but with a little patience and persistence, most issues can be resolved.

Dealing with Crying and Barking in the Crate

If your puppy is crying or barking excessively in the crate, there are a few steps you can try to minimize the issue. First, ensure your pup has had ample exercise and playtime before entering the crate. Additionally, try placing a warm and cozy blanket and a favorite toy inside the crate.

Dealing with the Puppy Avoiding the Crate

If your pup is hesitant or fearful of entering the crate, consider gradually introducing them to the crate using positive reinforcement techniques such as offering treats, using verbal commands, and creating a comfortable and safe environment.

Dealing with the Puppy Disliking the Crate

In some cases, even with positive reinforcement and gradual introductions, a pup may still dislike the crate. If this is the case, it may be necessary to try a different crate location, size or consult with a professional trainer to find alternative solutions.


When it comes to puppy training, crate training is an essential aspect of creating a safe, comfortable, and peaceful environment for your furry friend. By following the guidelines and techniques outlined in this guide, you can help ensure that crate training your puppy is a positive and joyful experience for both you and your pet. Remember to prioritize consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience throughout the process, and above all, enjoy the experience of watching your puppy grow and thrive as they acclimate to their new environment.

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