June 20, 2024
This step-by-step guide explores how to create a beautiful and functional cutting board for your kitchen. From selecting the right wood and making the cuts to finishing the board with mineral oil or beeswax, this article also includes design ideas, a history of cutting boards, and a video tutorial for beginners.


A cutting board is an essential kitchen tool for preparing and serving food. Making a cutting board may seem like a daunting task, but even beginner woodworkers can create a beautiful and functional cutting board with a little bit of effort and the right materials. This article will provide detailed step-by-step instructions for making a cutting board, as well as some background on the history of cutting boards and unique design ideas to inspire your project.

Step-by-Step Guide

Preparing the Wood

The first step in making a cutting board is to select the right type of wood. Hardwoods like maple, cherry, and walnut are great choices because they are durable and can withstand the wear and tear of everyday use. You can either purchase pre-cut boards or plan and sand raw wood to the desired thickness. Use a planer to ensure the boards are all the same thickness, and then sand them smooth.

Cutting the Board

Next, use a saw or jigsaw to cut the wood into the desired shape. A table saw or router can be used to create decorative edge details and round or bevel the edges. Be sure to wear appropriate safety gear during this step and keep a steady hand while making your cuts.

Finishing the Board

After sanding the board to a smooth finish, you’ll need to apply a protective coating to the wood to extend the life of the cutting board. Mineral oil is a popular choice for many woodworkers because it is food safe, inexpensive, and easy to apply. Simply pour the oil onto the board and rub it into the wood with a clean cloth. The oil will penetrate the wood, helping to protect it from moisture and bacteria. Beeswax is another option that can be used in addition to mineral oil.

Beginner’s Guide

If you’re new to woodworking, there are still ways to make a beautiful cutting board without breaking the bank or investing in expensive tools. Here’s a beginner-friendly approach to making a cutting board:

Preparing the Wood

If you’re not comfortable with using power tools, consider purchasing pre-cut wooden boards that are already the right size for a cutting board. After sanding the board to a smooth finish, you can move on to cutting the board.

Cutting the Board

Use a saw or jigsaw to cut the board into the desired shape. Again, be sure to wear appropriate safety gear and make your cuts slowly and carefully to prevent injuries.

Finishing the Board

Once the board is cut, apply mineral oil or beeswax to the surface using a cloth. This will help protect the wood from moisture and bacteria, and give it a beautiful finish.

History of Cutting Boards

Traditional Cutting Board Methods

For centuries, cutting boards have been made from a variety of materials, including stone, clay, and wood. Traditional methods for making cutting boards involved using simple hand tools like chisels and saws to shape the wood into the desired shape. These handmade cutting boards were often passed down from generation to generation as family heirlooms.

Modern Cutting Board Methods

Today, woodworkers have access to power tools that make cutting and shaping wood much easier and faster. If you have access to a table saw, router, and other power tools, you can create a beautiful and functional cutting board in a fraction of the time it would take to do it by hand.

DIY Video Tutorial

For a step-by-step visual guide to making a cutting board, check out this video tutorial:

Unique Cutting Board Designs

Cutting Board Design Ideas

If you’re looking for unique cutting board designs to inspire your project, consider creating a design that features engraved patterns or cutting shapes like stars or hearts. You could also create a board with a chevron or herringbone pattern, or an end-grain style board that shows off the natural patterns of the wood. For more ideas, check out woodworking forums or blogs for inspiration.


A homemade cutting board is a beautiful and functional addition to any kitchen. Whether you’re a beginner woodworker or an experienced craftsman, there are many different ways to approach making a cutting board that will suit your needs and personal style. By following the step-by-step instructions in this article, you’ll have a cutting board that you can be proud of for years to come.

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