June 19, 2024
This article is a comprehensive guide on making brownies from scratch. It includes step-by-step instructions, ingredient variations, brownie hacks, healthier options, classic vs. creative recipes, and tips and tricks to achieve fudgy or cakey texture. From traditionalists to beginners, this article is perfect for anyone who loves baking delicious, chocolatey desserts. Get ready to whip up some homemade brownie creations!


Who doesn’t love the decadent, chocolatey goodness of a warm brownie fresh out of the oven? Making brownies from scratch can seem intimidating, but with a few simple tips and tricks, you can create homemade brownies that are even better than the ones from a boxed mix. This article is aimed at anyone who loves to bake, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced home chef. We’ll cover the essential ingredients, step-by-step instructions, variations, and hacks for creating fudgy, cakey, and even healthier brownies. Get your apron on and let’s get started!

Step-by-step guide

The first and most important thing you need to do is gather all the essential ingredients. Here’s what you need:

  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar
  • 3/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 1/2 cup (1 stick) unsalted butter, melted
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Once you have all the ingredients, you can start making the brownies by following a few simple steps:

  1. Preheat your oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C) and grease a 9×9 inch baking pan.
  2. In a medium bowl, sift together the flour, cocoa powder, and salt.
  3. In a separate large bowl, cream the melted butter and sugar together until smooth.
  4. Add the eggs and vanilla extract to the butter mixture and whisk together.
  5. Add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients and mix together until combined.
  6. Pour the batter into the prepared baking pan and bake in the preheated oven for 30 to 35 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.
  7. Remove the pan from the oven and let the brownies cool in the pan for at least 15 minutes before cutting and serving.

While making brownies from scratch is a straightforward process, there are a few tips and tricks you can use to ensure that your brownies turn out perfectly:

  • If you want extra fudgy brownies, use extra-large eggs and add an extra 1/4 cup of melted butter to the batter.
  • For cakey brownies, add an extra 1/2 cup of flour and an extra 1/4 teaspoon baking powder to the recipe.
  • Use room temperature eggs, butter and flour so that your ingredients bind perfectly to achieve a shiny and crispy surface.
  • Don’t overmix the batter, as this can lead to tough, dry brownies.
  • Use a wooden spoon or spatula to fold in the dry ingredients until just combined.
  • Check for doneness with a toothpick – insert it into the middle of the brownie to see if it comes out clean.

Ingredient variations

Brownies are a classic dessert, but you can easily change up the recipe to suit your tastes. Here are a couple of variations to try:

  • Whole Wheat Brownies – Substitute whole wheat flour for the all-purpose flour for a healthier option.
  • Gluten-Free Brownies – Use gluten-free flour and add an extra egg to the recipe to keep it moist.
  • Almond Flour Brownies – Use almond flour instead of all-purpose flour – these brownies will have a nutty and flavorful richness.
  • Honey or Agave Brownies – These sweeteners make an excellent substitute for granulated sugar, especially for those who want to avoid refined sugar. You will need to adjust the recipe accordingly, since the sweetness levels may vary.
  • Chunky Brownies – Add in nuts, chocolate chips, or fresh raspberries to the batter for an added texture and taste.

Experimenting with different ingredients and variations is a great way to make your brownies unique and delicious!

Brownie hacks

Mastering the art of brownie-making isn’t just about the recipe – there are some hacks for achieving the perfect brownies every time. Here are some tips:

  • Fudgy Brownies – To achieve extra fudgy brownies, take them out of the oven about five minutes before the baking time ends. Another technique is to add a small amount of cornstarch to the recipe, as this will help make the brownies perfectly tender.
  • Water bath – To avoid cracking and uneven rising, place a baking dish with water in the oven when baking the brownies.
  • Slicing – Cutting brownies can be a bit messy, but there are a few techniques that can help make it easier. One tip is to score the brownies with a plastic knife before cutting them, as this will help prevent the edges from crumbing. For clean edges, refrigerate brownies for at least an hour before slicing them.
  • Storage – Brownies can be stored in an airtight container, in the fridge for 3 – 4 days, or in the freezer for up to 3 months. For best quality, let them cool down to room temperature before putting them in an airtight container.

Healthier brownies

If you’re looking for a healthier option for your brownies, there are several ways to make them with alternative ingredients. Here are a few recipes to try:

  • Black Bean Brownies – These gluten-free brownies feature black beans and applesauce and include no flour, no butter, and no refined sugar.
  • Sweet Potato Brownies – Sweet potatoes add moisture and natural sweetness. These brownies are also gluten-free and paleo-friendly.
  • Greek Yogurt Brownies – Instead of butter, use Greek yogurt, which is low in fat and high in protein.
  • Avocado Brownies – Avocado is a healthy fat that can be incorporated into your brownie recipe. It adds a richness and makes the brownies extra moist and fluffy.

Fudgy vs. cakey

One of the most important distinctions in brownie recipes is the texture – fudgy or cakey. Here are two recipes that illustrate these different textures:

  • Fudgy Brownies
    • Use 1/2 cup butter instead of 1/4, 2 eggs, and 2 extra tablespoons of cocoa powder
    • Mix sugar and eggs with an electric mixer so that it becomes fully melted and homogenous.
    • Then add melted chocolate, and then mix in the dry ingredients with a spatula.
  • Cakey Brownies
    • Add an extra 1/2 cup of all-purpose flour and an extra 1/4 teaspoon baking powder to the recipe.
    • Mix the sugar with butter until creamy. Add eggs one at a time, then whisk in vanilla.
    • Finally, add the dry ingredients in batches, stirring until everything is homogeneous.

To get the desired texture, you may need to tweak the baking time and temperature. For fudgy brownies, bake them at a lower temperature for a longer time, while cakier ones should bake at a higher temperature for a shorter time.

Classic vs. creative

Brownies have been around for decades and remain one of the most popular desserts. However, there’s no reason that you can’t make them more creative!

  • Classic Brownies – This recipe is perfect for beginners or traditionalists. Add some pecans or almonds if you like your brownies nutty.
  • Matcha Green Tea Brownies – These brownies incorporate matcha powder to give them an earthy, unique flavor.
  • Pumpkin Brownies – Swap out the butter for canned pumpkin puree to give your brownies a hint of fall flavor.
  • Zucchini Brownies – Shredded zucchini lends moisture to these brownies and is a sneaky way to include extra vegetables in your diet.
  • Caramel Brownies – Drizzle caramel over the top of your brownies for a sweet and indulgent twist.
  • Peanut Butter Brownies – Mix peanut butter with the brownie batter and swirl the mixture together for a delightfully fluffy and nutty flavor.


Congratulations! You now have the skills to make perfect brownies from scratch. You’ve learned the ingredients, step-by-step process, variations, hacks, and ways to make healthier and creative brownies. Making brownies is a rewarding experience, and it’s also a fun way to experiment with different ingredients and textures. Play around with the recipes, and don’t be afraid to improvise with your favorite toppings and creative ideas. Remember, every chef has their unique twist that makes their recipe stand out.

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