April 23, 2024
Learn about different hernia treatment options, including hernia surgery and non-surgical treatments. Discover ways to reduce your risk of developing a hernia and understand how to relieve hernia symptoms.


A hernia occurs when an internal body part pushes through a weakness in the surrounding tissue or muscle. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages, genders, and races. In this article, we will guide people with hernia in understanding their condition and explore possible solutions.

According to the American College of Surgeons, over one million hernia repair surgeries are performed each year in the United States alone. However, some hernias do not require surgery and can be treated with other methods.

Understanding Hernia

A hernia occurs when an internal body part, such as a section of the intestine, protrudes through a weakened area or tear in the abdominal muscles. The most common cause of a hernia is strain on the abdominal muscles, often from heavy lifting, coughing, or constipation. Other factors that may contribute to a hernia include obesity, poor nutrition, smoking, and a family history of hernias.

There are different types of hernias, including inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional, and hiatal hernias. An inguinal hernia is the most common type and occurs when the intestines or bladder protrude through a weak spot in the groin muscle. A femoral hernia appears as a bulge in the upper thigh, just below the groin. An umbilical hernia occurs when there is a weakness in the muscles around the belly button. An incisional hernia develops at the site of a surgical incision and a hiatal hernia forms when part of the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm and into the chest cavity.


Symptoms of hernia vary from person to person, depending on the type and severity of the hernia. Common signs and symptoms of hernia include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the affected area, especially when lifting, bending, or coughing
  • A bulge or swelling in the affected area
  • Nausea or vomiting, although this is more common with hiatal hernias
  • A feeling of heaviness or pressure in the abdomen


Doctors can diagnose hernias through physical examination and medical history. The doctor may ask about symptoms, activities that aggravate the pain or discomfort, and any history of hernias in the family. In addition, the doctor may perform a physical exam and check the affected area for bulges, swelling, or tenderness.

Diagnostic tests, such as MRI, CT scan, or X-ray, may be performed to determine the type and extent of the hernia and to rule out other possible causes of the symptoms.

Treatment options

Treatment for hernias generally falls into two categories: surgical and non-surgical. Surgical treatment is the most common and involves repairing the weakness in the abdominal muscle with mesh or sutures. Non-surgical treatment includes lifestyle changes to relieve symptoms and prevent hernias from recurring.

Surgical Treatment

Surgery is usually recommended for hernias that are growing, symptomatic, or at risk of becoming dangerous. The goal of surgery is to repair the hernia and prevent it from recurring. There are two types of surgical procedures for hernias:

  • Open surgery: This procedure involves making an incision in the affected area to access the hernia and repair the muscle. This procedure is usually done under general anesthesia and requires a longer recovery time.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: This procedure is less invasive than open surgery and involves making several small incisions in the abdomen and inserting a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera) and surgical instruments to repair the hernia. This procedure is less painful and allows for a faster recovery time.

Non-Surgical Treatment

Non-surgical treatment is recommended for hernias that are small, minimally symptomatic, and not growing. Lifestyle changes may help relieve the symptoms of hernia and prevent the recurrence of hernias. These lifestyle changes include:

  • Avoiding foods that cause constipation or straining, such as fatty or fried foods, processed foods, and food with insufficient fiber content.
  • Avoiding weight gain or losing extra weight to reduce the pressure on the abdominal wall.
  • Avoiding activities that cause strain on the stomach and abdomen, such as heavy lifting or straining during bowel movements.
  • Wearing a supportive abdominal binder or truss for additional support and to reduce pressure on the hernia.


While hernias are not completely preventable, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing a hernia. These include:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight through nutrition and regular exercise.
  • Breathing exercises to reduce muscle tension and improve muscle control.
  • Avoiding activities that put pressure on the abdomen, such as lifting heavy weights or participating in contact sports.
  • Strengthening the core muscles with exercises such as yoga or Pilates.


In summary, hernias are a common condition that affects millions of people each year. While hernia surgery is the most common treatment, non-surgical treatment and lifestyle changes may help relieve symptoms and prevent hernias from recurring. It is essential to consult a doctor if you suspect you have a hernia to determine the type and extent of the hernia and determine the best course of treatment.

Living with a hernia can be challenging, but with proper care and treatment, you can reduce the symptoms and continue to lead a healthy and active lifestyle.

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