June 25, 2024
Swollen gums can be painful and uncomfortable. This article explores how to treat and prevent swollen gums with the help of oral hygiene practices, medication options, home remedies, and professional treatments. Additionally, it highlights some lifestyle changes that can help reduce inflammation of the gums.


Swollen gums, also known as gingivitis, can be a major problem for many people. It causes discomfort, irritation, and even pain. Additionally, it can lead to other dental problems. This article aims to educate readers on how to treat swollen gums and prevent them from occurring again in the future. It is targeted towards anyone facing this issue, from young adults to older people.

Causes of Swollen Gums

Many factors cause swollen gums. The most common reasons are listed below:

Poor oral hygiene

If you do not brush and floss your teeth frequently, plaque will accumulate on your teeth, causing gingivitis. This can cause swelling and bleeding of gums.

Hormonal changes

During puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, hormonal changes can increase sensitivity in the gums. Therefore, this can cause inflammation and swelling.


Gingivitis is an infection of the gums that causes swelling, pain, and discomfort.


Stress can weaken the immune system, worsening inflammation of the gums.


Smoking irritates the gums and can worsen gingivitis.


Deficiencies of Vitamin C, K, and B can lead to swollen gums.

Home Remedies for Swollen Gums

Here are some home remedies that can help to soothe swollen gums:

Saltwater Gargles

Rinsing your mouth with salt and water can help to reduce inflammation. Additionally, saltwater water can reduce bacteria in the mouth, which leads to gum swelling.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that can combat swelling and infection in the gums. It can be applied directly to the gums to reduce irritation and heal them.

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil contains antioxidants that can reduce gum swelling. Apply a diluted mixture directly to the gums.

Baking Soda

Baking soda can neutralize mouth acids that cause swollen gums. Mix 1 tbsp of baking soda with a glass of warm water, and then swish it around in your mouth for 30 seconds before spitting it out.

Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide reduces inflammation of the gums. Mix equal parts water and hydrogen peroxide, swish it in your mouth for one minute before spitting it out.

Medication Options

Here are some medication options that your dentist might recommend:

Over-the-counter pain relievers

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or aspirin can reduce pain and swelling. Follow the package instructions carefully.

Antibiotics prescribed by a dentist

Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics as a gum infection treatment if your condition is severe. Take them as directed.


Corticosteroids can reduce inflammation and treat severe cases of gingivitis. Topical corticosteroids may be prescribed in the form of a gel, cream, or mouthwash.

Oral Hygiene Practices

Oral hygiene habits can help to prevent swollen gums:

Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste

Brush the front, top, and back teeth with gentle circular motions. Also, use fluoride toothpaste that provides extra protection.

Flossing daily

Flossing removes plaque between your teeth and gum line. Additionally, it can prevent gum swelling and bleeding.

Using an antiseptic mouthwash

An antiseptic mouthwash can help in reducing plaque and fights bacterial growth in the mouth, this can also help prevent infections.

Avoiding hard-bristled toothbrushes

Hard-bristled toothbrushes can irritate the gums. Use a soft-bristled brush instead.

Brushing gently and using circular motions

Brushing too hard can damage the gums. Gently brush your teeth in circular motions.

Professional Treatment Options

Here are some professional gum infection treatment options that your dentist might recommend:

Professional cleaning

Professional cleaning by a dentist removes plaque and tartar and helps prevent gum swelling or bleeding.

Scaling and root planning

This gum disease treatment involves removing hardened plaque from around the gum line to promote healing of the gums.

Laser therapy

Laser therapy is a non-invasive treatment that removes infected tissue and promotes healing.

Periodontal surgery

If gum inflammation is severe, then a periodontal surgery may be recommended. This involves reshaping or regenerating gum tissue.

Lifestyle Changes that Help Prevent Swollen Gums

Here are some lifestyle modifications that can help to prevent swollen gums:

Eating a healthy diet

A diet rich in vitamins and minerals can boost gum and overall oral health.

Reducing stress

Stress is a major factor that worsens inflammation of the gums. Therefore, engage in activities that reduces stress levels.

Quitting Smoking

Smoking worsens swelling and can lead to other dental problems.

Drinking Plenty of Water

Drinking water can flush bacteria and toxins from the mouth, and reduce inflammation of the gums.

Avoiding Alcohol and Caffeinated Beverages

Alcohol and caffeine can dehydrate the mouth, which leads to swollen gums. Therefore, it is advised to avoid such beverages.

Getting Enough Sleep

Adequate sleep is necessary for gum and overall oral health. Additionally, a healthy lifestyle promotes healthy gum tissue.


In conclusion, swollen gums can be treated by maintaining good oral hygiene practices, home remedies, medication, and professional treatment options. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as eating a healthy diet, reducing stress levels, quitting smoking, drinking plenty of water, avoiding alcohol and caffeinated beverages and getting enough sleep can help prevent further gum inflammation. It is crucial to seek your dentist’s advice for appropriate treatments, especially if your symptoms persist.

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