June 16, 2024
Learn about the symptoms of bowel polyps and how to prevent them. Explore the different types of bowel polyps and the risks factors that may increase your chances of developing the condition. This article also delves into diagnosis, treatment, lifestyle changes, and preventative measures to help you keep your colon healthy.


Polyps in the bowel may be a serious issue and need to be treated immediately. Bowel polyps are not always cancerous, but they can turn into cancerous growths over time. This article aims to explore the symptoms of polyps in the bowel, and how to reduce the risks of having them.

Types of Bowel Polyps

Bowel polyps come in two different types: adenomatous and hyperplastic. Adenomatous polyps are usually the ones that develop into cancerous growths, while hyperplastic polyps are considered harmless.

Some risk factors that increase the chances of developing polyps include age, family history of bowel cancer, being overweight or obese, having a diet high in red meat and processed foods, and smoking.

Symptoms of Polyps in the Bowel

One of the biggest issues with bowel polyps is that often there may be no visible symptoms. Polyps can develop in the bowel without drawing attention to themselves, meaning that people may have them without ever knowing. Here are some common and less common symptoms of bowel polyps:

Common Symptoms

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Blood in stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Change in bowel habit (i.e., constipation or diarrhea)
  • Feeling like the bowel hasn’t completely emptied after going to the toilet

Less Common Symptoms

  • Anemia due to an iron deficiency, which can cause fatigue
  • Bloating and gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss

It is essential to be aware of the symptoms of bowel polyps because even though many people may not experience any signs, they still may have polyps inside their bowel.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If a person is experiencing any symptoms related to bowel polyps, the first step is diagnosis through several tests. A colonoscopy is commonly used as it can examine the entire colon and rectum, allowing for detection of any polyps.

Treatment options include the removal of any polyps or growths that are detected. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove larger polyps or those more deeply embedded. It is important to note that early detection of bowel polyps is critical, and removing them reduces the chances of developing bowel cancer.

Lifestyle Changes to Lower Risk of Polyps

While treatment of bowel polyps is essential, there are plenty of ways to prevent polyps from developing in the first place. Here are some ways to decrease the risks of developing bowel polyps:


A healthy diet is crucial in reducing the risks of bowel polyps. Eating more fruits, vegetables, and grains while reducing red and processed meat consumption can help. Foods high in fiber like beans, lentils, and whole grains are also great for reducing the risk of polyps.


Studies have shown that a sedentary lifestyle coupled with obesity can be a significant risk factor for developing bowel polyps. Regular exercise has been proven to help lower the risks of developing polyps significantly.

Environmental Changes

Environmental factors may play a role in the development of bowel polyps. Some studies have shown that air pollution exposure can increase the risk of developing colon polyps.


Alongside the lifestyle changes that can lower the risks of developing polyps, there are a few preventative measures you can take:

Dietary Changes

Switching to a diet with more fiber, fruits, and vegetables and reducing processed and red meat consumption significantly reduces the risk of polyps and bowel cancer.


Regular exercise can be beneficial in preventing bowel polyps. Studies have shown that those who exercise frequently have a reduced risk of developing polyps.


Screening for bowel polyps is recommended for people over the age of 50, even if no symptoms are present. Colonoscopies can detect the presence of polyps, and regular screening can prevent bowel cancer development.


Bowel polyps are not always cancerous, but they can become so over time. The symptoms of bowel polyps are not always visible, which is why it is important to be aware of them. This article has provided information on types of bowel polyps, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, lifestyle changes, and prevention methods. Early detection and removal can significantly reduce the risk of bowel cancer development, so if you experience any symptoms related to bowel polyps, it is crucial you get a diagnosis from your doctor.

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